Give the scientific terms for the following:
1. A natural method of contraception in which the couples avoid coitus during the period of menstrual cycle when ovulation could be expected.
2. The collective term given to the diseases which are transmitted through sexual intercourse.
3. Inability of the couple to produce children inspite of unprotected sexual co-habitation.
4. An assisted reproductive technology in which a sperm is directly injected into the ovum to ensure conception.
5. A pre-natal diagnostic technique which was misused to illegally determine the sex of the developing foetus.
Fill in the blanks:
1. __________ is a natural method of birth control based on the withdrawal of penis before ejaculation.
2. Marriageable age has been statutorily raised to __________ years for females, while __________ years for males.
3. __________ is an oral contraceptive for females, developed by scientists at the Central Drug Research Institute, Lucknow.
4. MTPs are considered relatively safe during the __________ trimester.
5. __________ methods of contraception blocks gamete transport and thereby prevent conception.
Expand the following abbreviations:
Define the following terms:
2. Lactational amenorrhea
5. Artificial insemination
Give one example of each:
1. Copper releasing IUDs
2. Oral contraceptive pills
3. Bacterial STIs
4. Barrier method of contraception
5. Surgical method of contraception
Choose the odd one out giving reason:
1. ZIFT, GIFT, MTP, ICSI
2. Gonorrhea, Syphilis, Chlamydiasis, Hepatitis-B
3. Genital herpes, AIDS, Syphilis, Genital warts
4. Contraceptive pills, condoms, diaphragms, cervical caps
5. CuT, Cu7, LNG-20, Multiload 375
State whether the following statements are true or false.
1. Improved health facilities and better living standards have promoted an explosive population growth.
2. Second trimester abortions are less riskier.
3. Tubectomy and Vasectomy are barrier methods of birth control.
4. Government of India legalised medical termination of pregnancy (i.e. abortion) in 1999.
5. An assisted reproductive technology in which the zygote is directly transferred into the female’s fallopian tube is called ‘zygote inter-fallopian transfer’.
According to WHO, what is the standard definition of ‘Reproductive health’?
Why is amniocentesis banned in India?
How do Copper-T and Copper-7 act as contraceptive devices?
List down some improvements brought about by the RCH Programmes in the reproductive health of our country?
Match the columns A and B.
1. Oral pills
a. Prevents implantation
b. Pre-natal diagnostic technique
c. Prevents sperms from reaching the cervix
d. No sperms in semen
e. Prevents ovulation
State the three principles which should be followed in order to prevent sexually transmitted infections.
What are the various aspects of RCH programmes?
Briefly explain the process of in vitro fertilisation.
What is meant by surgical method of birth control? Explain in brief.
State a few reasons for infertility in males and females respectively.
What is MTP? Name the act under which it has been legalised by the Government of India? Under what conditions is it employed?
Why is MTP riskier in the second trimester of pregnancy?
Are all sexually transmitted diseases curable? If no, then name a few sexually transmitted diseases which are incurable.